lauantai 26. huhtikuuta 2014

Building Fedora 20 image with Veewee

I was in need of Fedora 20 virtual machine, and at the same time wanted to learn something new. So instead of googling around for Vagrant image, I decided to use Veewee to build a new one. The resulting source files are available at Github

After installing Veewee, I started to create my image file. Veewee has a lot of predefined templates, one of which was Fedora-20-x86_64.

One of my goals in project structures is to have everything related to a project available with one checkout. So in this case, I want to have the Veewee definition file in the same directory that the rest of the files. The basic usage of bundler and Veewee requires that the 'bundle exec veewee' is executed in the Veewee -directory. So you have to define the working directory when running command


bundle exec veewee vbox define 'basic-fedora-20-x86_64' 'Fedora-20-x86_64' -w ../project/veewee

This will create the definitions directory under "../project/veewee/", ie. "../project/veewee/definitions/basic-fedora-20-x86_64". I like to have the tool name as the directory name here, so there's some hint what these files are.

NOTE: WORKING COMMAND, EXECUTE IN YOUR project/veewee -directory

BUNDLE_GEMFILE=/home/jyrki/projects/veewee/Gemfile bundle exec veewee vbox define 'basic-fedora-20-x86_64' 'Fedora-20-x86_64'

After executing this command, you should have following project structure:

`-- veewee
    `-- definitions
        `-- basic-fedora-20-x86_64
            |-- definition.rb
            |-- ks.cfg

I would say that the most interesting file here is "ks.cfg", which is the kickstart file defining the installation. From there you can change
disk sizes etc.

Last command to execute for buidling image is

BUNDLE_GEMFILE=/home/jyrki/projects/veewee/Gemfile bundle exec veewee vbox build basic-fedora-20-x86_64

This will start VirtualBox
and starts to execute commands on it. Some of these include typing to the console, which is kind of funny to look at. The Virtualbox is left running, so you can ssh into it with the command

ssh -o UserKnownHostsFile=/dev/null -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no -p 7222 -l vagrant

Before you can use the image with vagrant, you have to export it from veewee and then add it into the vagrant. First execute command

BUNDLE_GEMFILE=/home/jyrki/projects/veewee/Gemfile bundle exec veewee vbox export basic-fedora-20-x86_64

which will shutdown the machine if it is running and export it to "" -file. Now this file can be imported to vagrant with

vagrant box add 'basic-fedora-20-x86_64' ''

After this, you can start using the box in your Vagrantfiles.